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The Job Description Of A Phlebotomy Technician

A phlebotomy technician is a medical professional that draws blood and other fluid samples from a patients body for the purpose of medical diagnosis and assessment or for purpose of blood donation. The phlebotomy technician takes these blood samples from the patient using venipuncture, which is the most common method. Venipuncture entails getting the blood directly from median cubital vein, which lies within the anterior of the elbow. Blood can also be obtained through a capillary method or from a small pinprick in the finger. A phlebotomy technician is the medical professional that is responsible for drawing blood using all of these methods.

The tasks attributed to a phlebotomy technician include making sure that all of the instruments used in the drawing of the blood is sterilized and safe. After the blood draw is complete the phlebotomy technician is required to label the collection container immediately with the patient’s information, the reason for the blood draw and any other identifying information.

All relevant paperwork must be completed immediately in order to have a paper trail to trace the route of the sample, assuring the patient and the doctors that the correct blood sample is being used for the diagnosis and assessment. The proper identification of the blood sample and having the appropriate paperwork completed is the most crucial part of the job as even the most minor error can lead to a misdiagnosis or a contamination., which can be detrimental to the patient, the doctor, the facility and everyone concerned.

Phlebotomist are required to keep detailed records about their patient’s blood test results and information within the computer system of the facility where they are employed. Many phlebotomy technicians are also charged with the responsibility of training new technicians in sample collections and analysis.

You must be able to put your patients at ease. Blood draws tend to be painless procedures, however, many patients are still very nervous about having their blood taken. A good phlebotomy technician will have a comforting manner and will be able to ease their patients fears. Phlebotomy technicians are employed at almost every type of medical facility, including hospitals, clinics, doctor’s offices, diagnostic laboratories and of course, blood banks.

In order to become a practicing phlebotomy technician one must have a high school diploma or equivalent. A background in science or biology is helpful and a training program from a certified vocational training program must be completed. One must also pass a test from one of the following associations in order to become certified.

    • The American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP)
    • The American Association of Medical Personnel (AAMP)
    • American Medical Technologists (AMT)
    • The National Credentialing Agency (NCA)

The training programs to become a phlebotomy technician typically take one year to complete. Certification and licensing is generally not required in most states, however, getting your certification will give you a big advantage when it comes to getting a job. Many employers will only hire phlebotomy technicians who are certified with a accredited association.

Filed in: Phlebotomist

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